Georgia Association of Homes and Services for Children   

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
Title One Education Grant

Most Title One Grants for Education are secured through the local county boards of education.  Contact your Local Board for the person who can give you the application for Title One funds.  These grants can be used for a variety of purposes including:

  • tutoring
  • computers
  • bookssupplies
  • school liaison officers
  • school equipment
  • Background

    Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 addresses the education challenges facing high-poverty communities by targeting extra resources to schools and school districts with the highest concentrations of poverty. These are areas in which academic performance tends to be low and the obstacles to raising performance are the greatest. Title I, which was first enacted as part of the War on Poverty, today provides in excess of $12 billion each year to more than 90 percent of school districts nationwide for improving the education of millions of children at risk of education failure. Nevertheless, Title I fully serves only about one-third of all eligible children.

    The 2001 reauthorization of ESEA builds on the framework of standards-driven reform established in the 1994 reauthorization. States are required to implement standards and assessments aligned to those standards, and annually assess every student in grades 3-8 in reading and math. States must establish proficiency goals and then make "adequate yearly progress" toward meeting those goals. Failure to make adequate yearly progress will result in progressive interventions, including technical assistance and public school choice, curriculum and staff changes, restructuring, and state takeover. Districts will also be required to set aside a portion of their Title I funds to pay for supplemental education services for low-achieving disadvantaged students from a provider of their choice. Title I funds may also be used to pay transportation costs associated with public school choice.

    National PTA successfully advocated for measures to strengthen the parent involvement provisions of Title I. The law requires that schools and school districts provide funding and other resources to increase parent involvement in education. School plans must be developed in consultation with parents of children receiving Title I services and must include a written parent involvement policy.

    Title I, Part A, the largest program in the ESEA, authorizes federal aid to state and local education agencies to help disadvantaged children achieve high academic standards. It is funded according to three different formulas. School districts receive Basic Grant allocations to reinforce and improve the regular curriculum through more individualized instruction, smaller classes, and special preschool, after-school, and summer programs. Concentration Grants provide additional funds to counties and school districts where the number of poor children exceeds 6,500 or 15 percent of the total school-age population. According to the 2001 reauthorization, new funding will be allocated to the Targeted Grant program, thereby increasing the funding that will be directed to the neediest population.

    Schools with a 40 percent poverty population can use Title I funds for schoolwide programs to strengthen the entire school. Schoolwide approaches are most likely to use a strategic plan and models of service delivery that can integrate Title I into a larger education program.

    Other programs in Title I are

    • Reading First
    • Early Reading First
    • Even Start Family Literacy Programs
    • Improving Literacy through School Libraries
    • Migrant Education
    • Neglected and Delinquent Youth
    • Comprehensive School Reform
    • School Dropout Prevention
    • Advanced Placement

    Title I is one of the most flexible and efficiently administered federal programs. Fully 99 percent of Title I dollars go to the local level.


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    Updated by Normer Adams on 06/18/13 05:54 PM -0400                                  .